Ancient ruins keep secrets of Sozopol’s past

It is difficult to tell Sozopol’s centuries-long history in one page   because this is a town of 2600 years of age – an important economic and spiritual center for all empires running the Balkan Peninsula.

The layers of the soil reveal secrets about Thracians, Greeks, Byzantines, Romans, Ottomans and Bulgarians.

One of the most interesting sites in Sozopol is the Southern Fortress Wall. You can find this historic museum complex in the old part of town.

After the demolition of an old house, a well-preserved medieval fortress wall with rectangular tower, large building for storage of grain and an ancient water well were found.

These remains were scattered around, so the whole area was united to host this museum complex. Along with the preserved historical artifacts, the complex hosts also a restored house from the 18-19th century and a modern exhibition hall.

It is interesting to see there some preserved sections from Apolonia’s water and sewer pipeline system from the 5th century BC. It was made of ceramics and lead but not allowing water to get in contact with the heavy metal.


The ancient well  from the 3rd  century BC is a tourist attraction. Visitors throw coins in the well for luck. The well is known as “nymphaeum” because it is dedicated to the three nymphs, who were protectors of the springs of mineral water.

In the 5-6th century, there was a big port in Sozopol for trade with grains. The grains store had dimensions  of 22/14 m and was 2.5-meter high. Over the grain store, there were the barracks for the guards, who protected the fortress wall during the rule of Constantius II. During that time, Apolonia was renamed to Sozopolis (meaning town of salvation) to honor Christianity


The museum exhibits artifacts from the life during these ages, among which you can see 12 enormous earthen jars, called then pituses , which were used to store grains. There are also some smaller earthen jars and amphorae.
Some other ruins found two kilometers offshore at Sveti Ivan (St John) island also reveal the multi-layer history of this city. It was a sacred place for the Thracians. In the 7th. Century BC, there was a sanctuary there. St. Joanne Monastery was built during the Middle Ages. It was destroyed in the 17th century to protect the area from the attacks of pirates.

Everywhere in Sozopol and around it, you can find remains from different time periods of history, which come to show that this area was important for all civilizations who inhabited these lands.

If you decide to visit any of Sozopol’s sites of interest enlisted above, then it is out of doubt that the best place for accommodation is the  SEA SENSE boutique hotel.

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